What are the latest 14th gen processors types?

To facilitate your access to information, we've provided a selection of specifications for both Intel's 14th and 13th Generation CPUs, along with details on AMD's Ryzen 7000-series CPUs. For additional details, we recommend visiting Intel Ark or AMD's Ryzen page.

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Introduction
Today marks the full launch of Intel’s 14th Generation Core Processors, code-named “Raptor Lake-S Refresh.” Representing a minor update to the previous CPU generation, these processors adhere to Intel’s hybrid architecture and maintain compatibility with both 12th- and 13th-generation motherboards. Primarily a straightforward refresh of the 13th Gen (Raptor Lake), the distinguishing factor lies in slightly elevated clock speeds. Notably, the i7 model showcases a notable increase of four E-cores compared to the 13700K.

Over recent years, Intel has consistently delivered superior single-core performance among consumer desktop CPUs. The introduction of the performance hybrid architecture with the 12th Gen (Alder Lake) significantly augmented core counts by 50% or more compared to previous generations. However, the less potent efficiency cores did not entirely bridge the gap with competitors boasting higher core counts, placing Intel somewhat behind in multi-core performance.

Traditionally, we recommend Intel Core processors for tasks such as photography, video editing, and motion graphics applications, with AMD holding an edge in heavy multi-threaded workloads like rendering and compiling. Nevertheless, the landscape is dynamic, and it remains plausible that these new 14th Gen processors could introduce sufficient performance enhancements to challenge AMD’s position as the premier choice for heavily-threaded applications.

Intel is one of the leading manufacturers of processors for laptops, desktops, servers and other devices. The company has been developing its CPU technology for decades, and it is constantly working on new generations of chips that offer better performance, efficiency and features.

The current generation of Intel processors is the 13th Gen Raptor Lake series, which was launched in late 2022 and early 2023. These chips are based on a hybrid architecture that combines high-performance Golden Cove cores with power-efficient Gracemont cores. They also support DDR5 memory, PCIe 5.0 interface and new security features.

However, Intel is not resting on its laurels. The company has already confirmed that it is working on its next generation of processors, codenamed Meteor Lake. These chips will be the first to use Intel’s 7nm process technology, which is also known as Intel 4. This process will allow Intel to pack more transistors into a smaller area, resulting in higher performance and lower power consumption.

But what else do we know about Intel’s 14th Gen processors? Here are some of the rumored specs, features and release dates of Meteor Lake chips.

Meteor Lake Specs

According to various leaks and reports , Meteor Lake processors will also use a hybrid architecture similar to Raptor Lake. However, they will introduce new core designs that will offer significant improvements over the previous generation.

The top-of-the-line Meteor Lake chips are rumored to pack six performance Redwood Cove cores and 16 efficient Crestmont cores. This would result in a total of 22 cores per chip, which is more than any other consumer CPU in the market. The Redwood Cove cores are expected to have higher clock speeds and IPC (instructions per cycle) than the Golden Cove cores, while the Crestmont cores are expected to have lower power consumption than the Gracemont cores.

Meteor Lake processors will also feature integrated graphics based on Intel’s Xe architecture. The Xe graphics will have up to 64 execution units (EUs), which is twice as many as Raptor Lake’s Xe-LP graphics. The Xe graphics will support DirectX 12 Ultimate, ray tracing and variable rate shading technologies.

Meteor Lake processors will also support DDR5 memory with up to 4800 MHz speed, PCIe 5.0 interface with up to 32 lanes, Thunderbolt 4 connectivity and Wi-Fi 6E wireless networking. They will also have new security features such as Control-Flow Enforcement Technology (CET) and Total Memory Encryption (TME).

Meteor Lake processors will have a maximum TDP (thermal design power) of 125 watts, which is similar to Raptor Lake’s TDP range. However, they will likely offer better performance per watt due to their smaller process node and improved core designs.

Meteor Lake Release Date

Intel has not announced an official release date for Meteor Lake processors yet. However, the company has stated that its Intel 4 process technology will enter volume production in the second half of 2022. This means that we could see Meteor Lake chips launching sometime in 2023.

Some sources suggest that Meteor Lake processors could debut as early as Q2 or Q3 of 2023, while others suggest that they could arrive later in Q4. It is possible that Intel will launch different variants of Meteor Lake at different times, depending on their target markets.

For example, Intel could launch mobile versions of Meteor Lake first for laptops and tablets before launching desktop versions for PCs later on. This would follow a similar pattern as Raptor Lake’s launch schedule.

However, there are also rumors that Intel may not release desktop versions of Meteor Lake at all. Instead, Intel may focus on mobile CPUs for laptops and tablets only with Meteor Lake generation before releasing desktop CPUs with its next generation codenamed Arrow lake.

Arrow lake CPUs are expected to be based on a newer process technology called Intel 3 (previously known as Enhanced SuperFin), which will offer further improvements over Intel 4.

The Intel 4 method will also be the first to employ EUV (extreme ultraviolet) lithography, which projects circuit designs onto silicon wafers using significantly shorter wavelengths. At the Fab34 foundry in Ireland, Intel built its first EUV lithography system in March to create Intel 4 process nodes.

The number of cores in the Meteor Lake processor will be another innovation. With Raptor Lake, Intel increased the amount of cores by 8, bringing the total to 24. It has 16 efficiency cores and 8 performance cores. Eight performance cores and eight efficiency cores made up Alder Lake’s predecessor’s 16 cores.

Although Intel is known to add cores with each processor generation, this may not be the case with Meteor Lake. Meteor Lake may only feature 22 cores, divided into 6 speed cores and 16 efficiency cores, according to a claim in PC Gaming.

Moreover, Coelacanth’s Dream, a South Korean tech leaker, claims that Intel intends to support Ray Tracing on the integrated GPU in Meteor Lake. The capability, which is mostly found in discrete GPUs, is used to simulate the movement of light in a virtual environment, such as a game. As dedicated RT cores are needed for Ray Tracing and integrated GPUs do not have these, it is unclear what benefit this will have.

Mercury Research data show that although Intel continued to dominate the X86 CPU market in Q1 2022 with a 72.3% market share, it experienced a 7% year-over-year (YoY) decline. With a market share of 27.7%, AMD, the second-best provider in the sector, expanded at a 7% annual rate.

CPU ModelMSRP (Sale)Cores (Threads)Maximum Boost ClockTDP (Max)Release Date
AMD Ryzen 9 7950X$700 ($600)16 (32)5.7 GHz170 WSept. 2022
Intel Core i9-14900K$5908P + 16E (32)6 GHz125 W (253 W)Oct. 2023
Intel Core i9-13900K$5908P + 16E (32)5.8 GHz125 W (253 W)Sept. 2022
AMD Ryzen 9 7900X$550 ($450)12 (24)5.6 GHz170 WSept. 2022
Intel Core i7-14700K$4108P + 12E (28)5.6 GHz125 W (253 W)Oct. 2023
Intel Core i7-13700K$4108P + 8E (24)5.4 GHz125 W (253 W)Sept. 2022
AMD Ryzen 7 7700X$400 ($350)8 (16)5.4 GHz105 WSept. 2022
Intel Core i5-14600K$3206P + 8E (20)5.3 GHz125 W (253 W)Oct. 2023
Intel Core i5-13600K$3206P + 8E (20)5.1 GHz125 W (253 W)Sept. 2022
AMD Ryzen 5 7600X$300 ($250)6 (12)5.3 GHz105 WSept. 2022

Let’s address a few points and offer some clarifications before digging into the differences between the Intel Core 13th and 14th generations. Intel has been using “hybrid cores” from the 12th generation Core, combining high-efficiency “E” cores with high-performance “P” cores. Interestingly, hyperthreading is limited to the “P” cores, which can support two threads per core. Because they are typically more resilient, these cores are the best option for light-threaded programs to guarantee peak performance. The “E” cores, on the other hand, are set aside for workflows that involve a lot of threading or less important operations.

Secondly, although it is stated in nominal Watts, the TDP (Thermal Design Power) for AMD CPUs is not an accurate indicator of power. Compared to Intel CPUs, AMD CPUs have less well specified power targets. In actual use, nevertheless, they often drain about 50 Watts more than their stated TDP.

In terms of characteristics, the 14th generation Intel CPUs are characterized by a frequency increase over the 13th generation models, with a maximum boost frequency increase of 200 MHz. The number of cores for the i9 and i5 versions has not changed. In contrast, the i7-14700K has a notable 50% increase in efficiency cores, bringing the total to 8+12 from 8+8. This corresponds to twenty-eight logical processors in total. Along with this change in core arrangement, there is a small increase in CPU cache as well, bringing the total amount of Smart Cache to 33 MB, up from 30 MB in the 13700K. The official memory support, integrated graphics, base and maximum power draw, and other features are the same for all of these CPUs.

While unrelated to our evaluation of apps for content creation, Intel also unveiled several enhancements and additions aimed at boosting enthusiast performance, particularly in gaming. These comprise overclocking features like XTU AI Assist and support for DDR5 XMP speeds up to and beyond 8000 Mbps; a modification to the power specification that permits higher core ICCMax; and Intel Application Optimization, which collaborates with their Thread Director to better handle gaming workloads on the hybrid architecture for specific games.

In terms of pricing, Intel is introducing these refreshed CPUs at the same Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) as their last-gen counterparts. The 14900K, for example, is priced at $590, placing it $40 above the AMD Ryzen 9 7900X and $110 below the AMD Ryzen 9 7950X. Intel has a track record of maintaining processors around MSRP and officially adjusting prices when making reductions over extended periods. Conversely, AMD occasionally offers substantial discounts on their products, slashing costs by $50-150 during extended sales. This practice can significantly alter the comparative cost of CPUs. While our evaluation considers MSRP, it’s worth noting that AMD’s CPUs were recently on sale at the time of this writing. If you’re in the process of purchasing a CPU, we recommend checking the actual prices at that time to make informed performance and cost comparisons.

Test SetupIntel Core Test Platform
CPUsIntel Core i9-14900K
Intel Core i7-14700K
Intel Core i5-14600K
Intel Core i9-13900K
Intel Core i9-13700K
Intel Core i9-13600K
CPU CoolerNoctua NH-U12A
MotherboardASUS ProArt Z690-Creator WiFi
BIOS version2802
RAM2x DDR5-5600 32GB (64GB total)
GPUNVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 16GB
Driver VersionStudio 537.42
PSUSuper Flower LEADEX Platinum 1600W
StorageSamsung 980 Pro 2TB
OSWindows 11 Pro 64-bit (22621)
Test SetupAMD Ryzen Test Platform
CPUsAMD Ryzen 9 7950X
AMD Ryzen 9 7900X
AMD Ryzen 7 7700X
AMD Ryzen 5 7600X
CPU CoolerNoctua NH-U12A
MotherboardASUS ProArt X670E-Creator WiFi
BIOS Version1602
RAM2x DDR5-5600 32GB (64GB total)
GPUNVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 16GB
Driver VersionStudio 537.42
PSUSuper Flower LEADEX Platinum 1600W
StorageSamsung 980 Pro 2TB
OSWindows 11 Pro 64-bit (22621)
Benchmark Software
Lightroom Classic 12.5 – PugetBench for Lightroom Classic 0.94
Photoshop 24.7.1 – PugetBench for Photoshop 0.93.6
Premiere Pro 23.6.0 – PugetBench for Premiere Pro 0.98.2
DaVinci Resolve 18.6 – PugetBench for DaVinci Resolve 0.93.2
After Effects 23.5 – PugetBench for After Effects 0.96
Unreal Engine 5.2
Cinebench 2024
Blender 3.6.0
V-Ray 5.02.00

At a hardware level, our setup mirrors a standard configuration commonly found in many content creation workstations. While some components, such as the 1600W power supply, may seem overkill, they serve the purpose of facilitating various types of testing. However, every element that can impact performance aligns with the specifications we regularly provide to our customers. It’s essential to highlight that our systems are meticulously crafted for high reliability in workstations, prioritizing stability over raw performance. This approach includes adhering to officially supported RAM speeds and utilizing the Noctua NH-U12A CPU cooler, which, though some might consider undersized for these CPUs, meets our criteria for stability.

In recent years, both AMD and Intel have been pushing the boundaries in terms of power draw, influencing cooling requirements. Many reviewers opt for large 3x120mm AIO liquid coolers to address these demands. However, the extreme power draws are typically encountered when motherboards are configured to push CPUs beyond the manufacturer’s specifications, including parameters like P1/P2 power draw, TAU, and boosting behavior. Unfortunately, motherboard manufacturers often default to settings that exceed official specifications, leading to unintentional CPU overclocking for end users in many cases.

While our approach to balancing stability and performance is subject to constant reassessment, our current system configurations closely align with the official specifications provided by Intel and AMD. This choice deems the Noctua NH-U12A as more than sufficient for cooling. For all but the most heavily threaded workloads, configuring systems in this manner has a minimal impact on performance, significantly reducing power draw, cooling requirements, and noise. If you seek more in-depth information on this, we’ve dedicated a comprehensive article to the topic titled:

Power Draw and Cooling: 14th Gen Intel Core Processors

On the software side, our benchmarks include many from our “PugetBench” suite, some of which Intel also used in their official 14th Gen launch announcement. These are supplemented with various real-world benchmarks, primarily focused on rendering packages like Blender and V-Ray. It’s important to note that several major updates have been released in the last few weeks for many of the applications we are testing, especially from Adobe. Due to time constraints, we couldn’t redo most of our testing with these new packages. However, through spot-checks, we observed that the performance for the tasks we are testing does not seem to exhibit significant differences.

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